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Indonesia Flores Marselina Washed

Origin Indonesia /

Altitude 1300 - 1500 masl /

Crop Year 2019 /

Varietal S795 & Typica /

Product Code 6838

About Indonesia Flores Marselina Washed

Flores is one of Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands. It lies east of Komodo Island and west of Lembata Island. The west coast port town of Labuan Bajo is a gateway to Komodo National Park, known for its carnivorous Komodo dragons and waters teeming with sea life, including manta rays and turtles. Also on the island is Kelimutu National Park, with its volcano and three intensely coloured crater lakes. This coffee was named in honour of Marselina Walu. The local quality manager for all of our Flores project coffees who is a local farmer, Q-grader, Chair of the Kagho Masa Cooperative and mother. We set up Marselina with a sample roaster, moisture meter, and calibrated on cupping prior to the start of last year’s harvest so that she could evaluate and approve incoming micro-lots from the selected parcels of land in the area. To improve drying quality, we purchased plastic UV rolls from Java, that the local community used to construct new solar-drying houses. This lot is a result of Marselina’s direct oversight in selecting deliveries from her own and neighbours’ small farms in Bela, Tolo Roja, and Mala Tura. Each farmer typically pulps, ferments, and washes their own coffee prior to delivering wet-parchment to the community solar-drying house opposite the cooperative office. Marselina and her team take over the drying and quality analysis before approving the lot for shipment.


Marselina is a coffee connoisseur who inherited her land and a plantation from her parents in the area of Wajamala, Bajawa. This area is actually one of only six matriarchal societies in the world, meaning that that it is their custom that the kinship system is regulated through a female line. Over the years Marselina has worked tirelessly to get up-skill herself in all things coffee. With a 1 hectare farm in Wajamala, Marselina is a single mother, certified Q grader, and leader in her community. She has been working with MTC for 2 years as Quality Manager and through her work hopes to see increased interest in coffees from Flores and continual improvement in quality. Marselina formed Kagho Masa Cooperative in 2014, at her village Doka in Golewa subdistrict of Ngada in Flores. Women occupy all positions of leadership & comprise a majority of the membership of the cooperative. The coffee is produced by approximately 30 farmers and combines 4 lots : Wajamala, Malatura, Gagi, and Bela. Elevations are 1300-1500 meters with Linie-S 795 & typica planted in rich volcanic soils. Marselina pushes back against the sterotypical images of farming, that in Indonesia, are dominated by men. Through education and training, Marselina hopes to empower other women in leadership positions and help put Flores on the speciality coffee scene. Often people doubt her capabilities, but it’s this that keeps her motivated to create change. She has seen how coffee can improve livelihoods and is determined produce the best coffee the world has seen. The coffee industry knows the important role played by women in smallholder-based supply chains, of the challenges they face, and of the benefits to be gained from investing in their products. Support for Marselina and emerging regions like Flores helps farming communities thrive.

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About Indonesia

Coffee was introduced into Indonesia by the Dutch in the 1600’s, becoming the world’s leading supplier. The industry initially developed growing Arabica coffee in large estate’s, however was totally devasted by a leaf rust disease. It was a century ago that Robusta was introduced to Indonesia and is the majority (90%) of Indonesia’s coffee production., however still producing Arabica coffee (in a much lesser capacity).

Indonesia’s coffee is grown by small-holder farmers (about one hectare of less), using traditional processing techniques that add a layer of complexity not found in other specialty coffees. There are as many as 20 varieties of arabica coffee being grown in Indonesia, and fall into six main categories; Typica, Hibrido de Timor (HDT), Linie S, Ethiopian lines, Caturra cultivars, and Catimor lines. The cultivation of these varieties can be found in the Indonesian regions of
Sumatra, Mandheling, Lintong and Gayo, and the islands Sulawesi, Toraja, Kalosi, Mamasa, Gowa, Java, Bali, Flores and Papua New Guinea.

Over the past 200 years, the names “Java” and “Sumatra” have become virtually synonymous with flavourful coffee. Connoisseurs of specialty coffee also know the names Bali, Lintong, Toraja, Kalosi, Gayo, and Mandheling. Beyond these well known regions, coffee from new areas, such as Wamena and Moanemani in Papua wait to be discovered.