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Indonesia Flores Bajawa Wet Hulled

Origin Indonesia /

Altitude 1300-1550 masl /

Crop Year 2019 /

Varietal Linie S-795 /

Product Code 6837

About Indonesia Flores Bajawa Wet Hulled

Flores is one of the smaller islands in the Indonesian archipelago, only 580 kms across, and is located 320 kilometres to the east of Bali. Most coffee on the island is produced at elevations of between 1200 to 1800 meters above sea level, and is generally situated on the rugged slopes of the island’s many active and inactive volcanoes. Volcanic soil helps considerably in high quality coffee production, given that the ash creates particularly fertile soils.

The region of Bajawa is located in Ngada District of Flores, one of the lesser Sunda islands of the Indonesian archipelago. Bajawa is the name of the ethnic group and language; also the sub-district and main town. The active volcanoes of Inerie, Ebulobo, and Wawo Muda, numerous hot springs, traditional villages and a unique culture make Bajawa an enchanting landscape.

Wet Hulled also known as seed dried or Giling-Basah, is a method used in Indonesia. After harvest and sorting, the cherry is pulped. Fermenting and washing the mucilage away is optional. Then the beans are dried to 25-40% moisture content before being hulled. Then the bean is dried to 10-12% moisture and stored before dry milling. One potential problem with wet-hulling is that in the second drying stage the beans are more likely to pick up flavours from the drying surface. If the drying surface isn’t pristine, the beans may be infused with funky, earthy notes. The faster drying time allows farmers to get money for their crop more quickly, as they often sell their beans at the 25-40% moisture stage. Beans dried using the wet-hulled process often have a distinctive blue-green hue.

About Indonesia

Coffee was introduced into Indonesia by the Dutch in the 1600’s, becoming the world’s leading supplier. The industry initially developed growing Arabica coffee in large estate’s, however was totally devasted by a leaf rust disease. It was a century ago that Robusta was introduced to Indonesia and is the majority (90%) of Indonesia’s coffee production., however still producing Arabica coffee (in a much lesser capacity).

Indonesia’s coffee is grown by small-holder farmers (about one hectare of less), using traditional processing techniques that add a layer of complexity not found in other specialty coffees. There are as many as 20 varieties of arabica coffee being grown in Indonesia, and fall into six main categories; Typica, Hibrido de Timor (HDT), Linie S, Ethiopian lines, Caturra cultivars, and Catimor lines. The cultivation of these varieties can be found in the Indonesian regions of
Sumatra, Mandheling, Lintong and Gayo, and the islands Sulawesi, Toraja, Kalosi, Mamasa, Gowa, Java, Bali, Flores and Papua New Guinea.

Over the past 200 years, the names “Java” and “Sumatra” have become virtually synonymous with flavourful coffee. Connoisseurs of specialty coffee also know the names Bali, Lintong, Toraja, Kalosi, Gayo, and Mandheling. Beyond these well known regions, coffee from new areas, such as Wamena and Moanemani in Papua wait to be discovered.