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Timor-Leste Letefoho Washed

Origin Timor Leste aka East Timor /

Altitude 1350-1800 masl /

Crop Year 2018 /

Varietal Typica & Hibrido de Timor /

Product Code 6544

About Timor-Leste Letefoho Washed

Our Timor village lots and regional coffees are the result of MTC developing supply lines along with technical assistance and processing equipment being donated to the coffee lands of Ermera. We have worked relentlessly to help organise underprivileged local small-holders while providing much needed market access, infrastructure, and technical support. Today these farmer groups are producing genuine specialty coffees with improved access to international specialty markets. The result and the ongoing goal: a fantastic cup and improved farmer livelihoods.

During harvest time, ripe cherry is hand-picked and carried to the village for pulping, often in locally made, gum wood and tin pulpers. Pulped parchment is fermented for 24-48 hours depending on the local weather conditions at the time, and then is hand-washed. Clean parchment is subsequently dried on tarps or one of the 160+ raised beds donated by MTC. Prior to collection, the dry parchment is inspected by our local team to ensure strict quality criteria are met.

This lot was sourced from a handful of small villages throughout Letefoho. Each village is comprised of a network of smallholder farmers who operate collectively to harvest, process, and dry their coffee. Individual farmers typically own and manage 1-2 hectares of land, planted with Hibrido de Timor and Typica, locally known as ‘moka’ and ‘arabe’, respectively.

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About Timor Leste aka East Timor

The Island of Timor has a fascinating and remarkably long coffee history. Coffee is believed to have been first cultivated on the Island way back in the 17th century. Back when the Island was colonized and subsequently divvied-up and split by the Portuguese and the Dutch, where the Dutch controlled the West and the Portuguese the East. Funnily enough, it’s still unknown as to which Colonial power first commercialized coffee production on the Island. Today the Island remains split between two sovereign states with Indonesia governing the West and Timor Leste (East Timor) the east.

Sadly, the beautiful Island has experienced several periods of political turmoil and the nation’s coffee industry has ebbed and flowed in close correlation to volatility in the region. During the 1974 Portuguese revolution and after years of neglect from the Portuguese government, East Timor was effectively abandoned as a Portuguese colony. Several months of internal political dispute prompted an opportunistic Indonesian invasion that lead to hugely controversial and violent occupation. After years of civil unrest, guerrilla warfare and mounting international pressure, Indonesia withdrew from the East and in 2001, East Timor became the first sovereign state of the 21st Century.

East Timor’s total production is currently at 160,000 bags or 550 containers per year. The local market is primarily dominated by a duopoly of exporters that account for around 90% of the total exports. Domestic production is dominated by commercial-grade Arabica, with a small amount of Robusta grown at low altitude areas.