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Kenya Yara AB Washed

Origin Kenya /

Altitude 1 732 masl /

Crop Year 2018 /

Varietal SL 28 SL 34 /

Product Code 6015

About Kenya Yara AB Washed

The Farm is located in Kiambu District about 23 Km North of Nairobi bordering Cianda and Windrush estates to the east (the latter being a sister enterprise). A well developed agricultural farm, Yara is part of an extensive belt of large scale coffee and tea farms of the Kiambu District, generally known as Yara Estate covering a total of 640 acres at an average altitude of 1,732 masl.

A British settler to the area, Edward, established the farm in 1902 farming and rearing cattle with the first coffee being planted in 1930. It was then run by settlers of different families until 1971 when Gatatha Farmers Co. Ltd was formed by local residents, who took over the estate. The farm is devoted to coffee and tea growing with coffee beinfg grown at the highest altitudes and tea together with light subsistence farming of dairy cattle occupies lower altitudes. Regional soils are well drained rich loamy reds experiencing around 988mm-1300mm per year. The area host a range of indigenous shade trees while hosting also sort of wild animals such as Antelopes, Hyenas, Porcupines, Squirrels, Anteaters, Monkeys and many others! The estate is currently working on attaining RFA certification.

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About Kenya

Kenya is a powerhouse coffee Origin and one that is dear to our hearts. Traditional production practices and attention to detail at the best mills and Estates favour quality unparaelled in other coffee origins and the flavour profiles coming from the best lots can be sublime.

Kenya also has one of the most transparent and rigid buying systems in the world at the Nairobi auctions. There are a number of very well organised, established estates surrounding Nairobi - however the majority of supply comes from farmers organised into cooperative structures as the average farmer will typically have land of between 0.5 and 3 acres. By law in Kenya a farmer with under 5 acres must be organised into a cooperative.

Typically a Coop society may service a number of washing stations - each servicing there surrounding small holder farmers to bring coffees to mrket. It is illegal to sell cherry to a middle man, so to finance, educate, and provide inputs and support to farmers, there are a group of ‘market agents’ who act as representatives to the farmer throughout the chain. These Market agents act as the dry mill partners, and will take their cooperative partner’s coffee through the auction system. Market agents cannot own coffee - they instead charge their partner’s fees for the service of milling, and a small percentage of auction prices once the coffee is sold. These agents are a very important step in connecting the farmer to the market - as it is their samples that are passed on to all exporters bidding at auction - and they along with farmer will set the reserve price at auction and will then negotiate with the end buyer if this reserve is not met.

There are around 15 truly active exporters in Kenya - however there are over 60 registered at auction. Each exporter will cup over 600 lots from the 10 active market agents before each week’s auction. Due to the traceability enforced by law of where each small lot comes from - exporters with experience know which Market agent, representing which society or mill, will produce certain qualities.

Exporters then go to the Nairobi auctions on a Tuesday, after extense cupping and select the lots they want to bid on, and compete with the other exporters to select the lots they want for their markets.